Jaipong dance from West Java accompanied by traditional music is a native Indonesian art that becomes a cultural force, especially for West Java. West Java Province belongs to a large area on the island of Java and is famous as a home for the Sundanese people. So many are also known as Pasundan land.
If you come or travel to this province, you will certainly find a variety of interesting things. Starting from natural tourism, culinary delights, contemporary tourist attractions, to the friendliness of its residents. However, one thing that should not be missed when talking about West Java is its art and culture.
Every region in Indonesia has arts and culture that is so unique and interesting so that it can be a special attraction. Not only for local residents, even the wealth and uniqueness of Indonesian art and cultural products both from West Java province in the form of Jaipong dance from West Java using floor patterns and other provinces are also under the spotlight by the world’s citizens.
One of the thousands of cultural arts products of the archipelago, especially from the land of Pasundan, is Jaipong dance. You must be familiar when you hear the name of the dance art of the area. Even so, maybe many people do not understand very well the intricacies surrounding the art. Therefore, we will review more.
Getting to Know the History of Jaipong Dance
Jaipong dance from West Java is accompanied by a variety of traditional musical instruments such as lute, saron, drums, and other instruments. According to its history, this dance art was initiated by someone’s idea, namely H. Suanda, an artist originally from Karawang Regency. Although it turns out that many people think that Jaipong is originally from Bandung.
Another name jaipong dance by the citizens of West Java is often called Jaipongan. Although it is better known to come from Kembang City, jaipongan was first introduced in Karawang. Based on the movement pattern, Jaipongan is a form of motion art that is a combination of regional or traditional cultural arts that have existed before.
For example pencak silat, tap tilu, wayang golek, and a variety of other original art forms of Pasundan land. In 1976, the dance from West Java province began to be popularized in modern fashion, namely using tape tapes with the title “Suanda Group”. At the beginning of its development, Jaipong dance from West Java was accompanied by traditional instruments that were still simple.
Some of them are drums,crek, gongs, to rebabs. Unexpectedly, it turned out that the surrounding community gave a positive welcome and response. So it is not surprising that the art of this area is increasingly popular and favored by residents. This seems to provide fresh air for the community to enjoy new entertainment that is attractive and creative.
Jaipong dance was then brought and introduced to Bandung so that it could be enjoyed by the people there. The artist who played a role in introducing the dance was Gugum Gumbira. Thanks to him, Jaipongan is increasingly known and received a rapturous reception by the citizens of Bandung. So, it is quite reasonable if Jaipongan is considered native to the City of Flowers.
Floor Patterns in Jaipongan Art
In the art of dance movement, of course, there are special movements that are attractive in the eyes of the connoisseurs. Jaipong dance from West Java uses a special floor pattern , which is a pattern that shows its movements when practiced on the floor. Various regional dances usually have their own application of floor patterns.
In traditional motion art, known some variety of this pattern. For example, straight, zig-zag, horizontal, vertical, circular, to diagonal patterns. For example, horizontal variety patterns can be seen in saman dances from Aceh. As the name implies, Saman dancers move in a horizontal direction so that they have uniqueness and attractiveness.
Unlike the original motion art of Karawang. Jaipong dance from West Java uses a floor pattern called a straight or zigzag pattern. The application of the straight or zigzag pattern creates dynamic motion that is so interesting. The dancers move agilely and slickly on the performance stage so as to present their own entertainment for the audience.
When you visit the province that used to be part of the territory of the Kingdom of Tarumanegara, don’t miss seeing this art performance. Usually the original art of West Java is displayed at cultural events and entertainment stages for the general public. Enjoying this art also means participating in maintaining its sustainability.
Basic Types of Movements on Jaipongan Art
There are several types of basic movements that must be learned in Jaipong dance from West Java using floor patterns, including the following:
Aperture Motion (Opener)
As the name implies, this is the opening move at the beginning of Jaipongan’s performance. The dancers together display a twisting motion. At the same time, they also do not forget to play the property in the form of a shawl draped to the neck when doing the opening. Agile and lively movements certainly make the audience more curious.
Jaipong dance from West Java uses this zigzag antai pattern, after starting with the next opening movement of the musing. This is the kind of motion where the dancers start to long in intensity faster and faster. The accompaniment music also has a fast tempo and spirit. The musing movement makes the show even more attractive.
Ngala is a motion where Jaipong dancers perform actions like broken. In the Ngala circuit there is a transition of one movement from a certain point to another. The transfer is carried out in a fast and energetic tempo. Ngala makes Jaipongan more unique and invites the interest of the audience.
The name of another movement in Jaipong dance from West Java uses a dynamic floor pattern, namely mincid. This is a separate motion that is done when moving from one position or motion to the next. Mincid in Jaipongan dance is basically performed after ngala movement. When you see it firsthand, you will be fascinated.
Meaning of Jaipong Dance for West Java Residents
Art seems to have been ingrained for everyone in the archipelago including West Java. Since it was created by H. Suanda in Karawang, people have shown interest in this one-way art. That is why when brought by Gugum Gumbira to the wider environment, his interest also increased.
For the community, Jaipong dance from West Java accompanied by traditional music is a medium of entertainment. Moreover, at that time in the 70s there was no form of massive entertainment media like now, such as television or the internet. That is why when the creation of this type of traditional dance, residents become happy.
When holding various activities, Jaipongan becomes a long-awaited show attraction. The action of the dancers with agile and lively body as if describing energy and spirit so that it can be spread to the audience. So it is not surprising that Jaipongan is widely studied by Sundanese women.
In addition to being a medium of entertainment, Jaipongan is also domiciled as a typical art native to West Java province. Since the introduction of H. Suanda and Gugum Gumbira, Jaipongan’s artistic identity as a work of art is native to West Java. In addition to boosting regional arts, this is also an irreplaceable mainstay cultural product.
As the next generation of the nation, it’s a good idea to participate in preserving the heritage of cultural arts. The method can vary, ranging from watching, studying, introducing through various performances, to teaching it. That way Jaipong dance from West Java accompanied by traditional music can be terus abadi.